Form 8995-A

Qualified Business Income Deduction

Understanding and accurately completing tax forms ensures compliance with IRS regulations and optimizes your tax situation. One such form, which may be particularly relevant to small business owners and self-employed individuals, is the 8995-A form. This guide delves into all aspects of the 8995-A form, from its purpose and who should file it, to common mistakes and how to avoid them. Let's navigate through the intricacies of the 8995-A form together, ensuring you're well-equipped for the upcoming tax filing season.

What is a 8995-A Form?

The Form 8995-A, Qualified Business Income Deduction, is a tax document used in the United States for taxpayers who wish to claim the Qualified Business Income (QBI) deduction. This pivotal component of the tax return process emerged from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017, aimed at reducing the taxable income of small business owners and self-employed individuals by allowing them to deduct up to 20% of their qualified business income.

Components of the Form

The 8995-A form comprises four parts:

  1. Part I: Calculates the QBI Component
  2. Part II: Addresses the REIT/PTP Component
  3. Part III: Determines the Phase-In Effect (if applicable)
  4. Part IV: Brings together the calculations from Parts I and II, adjusting for phase-ins to compute the total QBI deduction.

Who Needs a 8995-A Form?

The 8995-A form is specifically designed for:

  • Individual taxpayers,
  • Trusts, and
  • Estates

with income from a qualified trade or business, including those operating as sole proprietors, partnerships, S corporations, trusts, and estates. However, certain income thresholds apply, and businesses involving "specified service trades or businesses" (SSTBs) might have limitations based on these thresholds.

Criteria and Deadlines

To be eligible, taxpayers must have total taxable income (before the QBI deduction) below a certain threshold for the tax year. For the latest thresholds, consulting the IRS’s annual updates is crucial.

How to Read and Understand the 8995-A Form

Understanding the 8995-A form requires familiarity with several key terms:

  • Qualified Business Income (QBI): The net amount of qualified items of income, gain, deduction, and loss from any qualified trade or business.
  • Specified Service Trade or Business (SSTB): Refers to specific types of trades or businesses defined by the IRS, where the principal asset is the reputation or skill of one or more of its employees or owners.

Familiarity with these terms and a systematic approach to each part of the form will enable accurate calculations and a correct claim.

How to Get Your 8995-A Form

The 8995-A form can be directly downloaded from the IRS website via this link.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Common errors include:

  • Misinterpreting what constitutes QBI.
  • Incorrectly determining SSTB status.
  • Overlooking applicable income thresholds.

Thoroughly reviewing IRS guidance and potentially consulting a tax professional can help avoid these errors.

8995-A Form and Tax Filing

The 8995-A form directly impacts the taxable income reported on your tax return, possibly leading to substantial tax savings. Therefore, understanding and correctly applying the rules of the QBI deduction is essential for optimizing your tax outcome.

FAQ Section

Q1: Can I file Form 8995-A electronically? A1: Yes, the IRS supports electronic filing for the Form 8995-A through its e-file system.

Q2: What is the difference between Form 8995 and Form 8995-A? A2: Form 8995 is a simplified version for taxpayers with total taxable income below a certain threshold, whereas Form 8995-A is for those with more complex calculations or higher incomes.

Q3: Are rental properties eligible for the QBI deduction? A3: Yes, provided they meet the IRS criteria for a qualified trade or business.

Q4: How do SSTBs affect the QBI deduction? A4: SSTBs have limitations based on taxpayer income, with reduced deductions as incomes increase past certain thresholds.

Q5: Is the QBI deduction available for both federal and state taxes? A5: The QBI deduction applies to federal income taxes. State treatment of the deduction varies.


The 8995-A form is a crucial document for many business owners, offering a potentially significant deduction to lower taxable income. Understanding its components, eligibility criteria, and the common pitfalls to avoid ensures that you can fully benefit from the QBI deduction. Given the complexity and evolving nature of tax laws, consulting with a tax professional is advisable for situations that extend beyond straightforward scenarios.

For the most current information and for downloading the 8995-A form, visit the IRS's official page:

Additionally, exploring broader tax filing tips and employer guides can provide more context and help ensure comprehensive tax compliance:

Always refer to the IRS website or a tax professional for the most accurate and up-to-date information. provides general information and software tools for tax preparation; however, it does not offer personalized tax, legal, or professional advice. It's recommended to consult with a qualified professional for specific advice related to your financial situation.