Form 8606

Nondeductible IRAs

What is a 8606 Form?

The IRS Form 8606 is a crucial document for taxpayers who make nondeductible contributions to an IRA (Individual Retirement Account) or who convert from a traditional to a Roth IRA. The form serves a pivotal role in tax reporting, ensuring that taxpayers correctly track and report the taxable status of their IRA contributions and distributions.

Purpose and Significance

The primary purpose of Form 8606 is to:

  • Document nondeductible contributions to IRAs, helping to establish the cost basis.
  • Report distributions from IRAs, distinguishing between taxable and nontaxable amounts.
  • Record Roth IRA conversions to properly tax the transaction if necessary.

By accurately completing this form, taxpayers can avoid paying taxes twice on the same dollars – first when they earn them, and again when they withdraw them in retirement.

Components of the Form

Form 8606 is divided into several sections, each designed to handle specific types of transactions:

  • Part I focuses on nondeductible contributions to traditional IRAs and distributions from traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRAs, calculating the nontaxable portion of the distribution.
  • Part II is dedicated to conversions from traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRAs to Roth IRAs.
  • Part III deals with distributions from Roth IRAs.

Who Needs a 8606 Form?

Taxpayers must file Form 8606 if they:

  • Made nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA for the tax year.
  • Received distributions from a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA and have ever made nondeductible contributions.
  • Converted from a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA to a Roth IRA.
  • Received distributions from a Roth IRA other than a rollover, qualified distribution, recharacterization, or return of certain contributions.

Obligations and Deadlines

Filing this form is necessary to comply with IRS regulations. It should be filed with the taxpayer's annual income tax return by the tax filing deadline, typically April 15.

How to Read and Understand 8606 Form

To correctly interpret and complete Form 8606, understanding its parts is imperative:

  • Part I: Requires detailed information about IRA contributions and distributions. The taxpayer calculates the nontaxable portion of IRA distributions based on previous and current nondeductible contributions.
  • Part II: Pertains to Roth IRA conversions, calculating the taxable amount of the conversion.
  • Part III: Addresses the tax-free and taxable amounts for Roth IRA distributions.

How to Get Your 8606 Form

Taxpayers can download the latest version of Form 8606 directly from the IRS website: Download IRS Form 8606

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Common errors include:

  • Omitting nondeductible contributions.
  • Incorrectly calculating the basis in traditional IRAs.
  • Failing to file Form 8606 when required.

8606 Form and Tax Filing

Filing Form 8606 impacts tax filing by ensuring that IRA contributions and distributions are correctly reported, potentially reducing tax liability. It plays a fundamental role in determining the taxable portion of IRA distributions and conversions.

FAQ Section

  1. Do I need to file Form 8606 every year?
    Only if you made nondeductible IRA contributions, took IRA distributions, or completed a Roth conversion in the tax year.

  2. Can I file Form 8606 electronically?
    Yes, Form 8606 can be filed electronically with your tax return.

  3. What happens if I forget to file Form 8606?
    Not filing can lead to penalties and paying taxes twice on the same contribution. It's best to file a corrected form if you've missed it.

  4. How do I calculate the taxable portion of my IRA distribution?
    The form includes a worksheet in Part I to help calculate the nontaxable portion of your distribution.

  5. Can Form 8606 be amended?
    Yes, you can file an amended Form 8606 if you need to correct a previously filed form.


Understanding and correctly completing the IRS Form 8606 is essential for taxpayers with nondeductible IRA contributions, distributions, or those who've undergone Roth conversions. It ensures you're not taxed twice on the same investment and provides clarity on your tax obligations regarding retirement funds. If you're unsure or find the process complex, seeking the advice of a tax professional is highly recommended.

For further details and to download the form, visit the IRS Form 8606 page.

Remember, your retirement planning and tax obligations go hand in hand. By staying informed and vigilant about forms like 8606, you're securing your financial future and ensuring compliance with the IRS.

Always refer to the IRS website or a tax professional for the most accurate and up-to-date information. provides general information and software tools for tax preparation; however, it does not offer personalized tax, legal, or professional advice. It's recommended to consult with a qualified professional for specific advice related to your financial situation.