Form 2106

Employee Business Expenses

Navigating the complexities of tax forms can be a daunting process, especially when dealing with the specifics of employment-related expenses. The 2106 form is a critical document for many taxpayers, offering a way to account for work-related costs. This guide aims to demystify the 2106 form, offering a clear pathway through its requirements, usage, and common pitfalls.

What is a 2106 Form?

The IRS Form 2106, officially titled "Employee Business Expenses," is a document used by employees to deduct ordinary and necessary expenses related to their job. This form is pertinent for individuals who incur expenses not reimbursed by their employer, aiming to reduce their taxable income by declaring these outlays.

  • Purpose and Significance: The primary purpose of the 2106 form is to allow workers to itemize business expenses that exceed 2% of their adjusted gross income (AGI). It's significant for taxpayers seeking to lower their tax obligations legally through legitimate employment-related expenditures.
  • Components of the Form: The form is divided into sections for vehicle expenses, parking fees, tolls, transportation, travel, meals and entertainment, and supplies. Each section requires detailed information about the expenses.

Who Needs a 2106 Form?

Not everyone will need to complete a 2106 form. It's specifically designed for:

  • Criteria: Employees who have incurred work-related expenses that were not reimbursed by their employer.
  • Obligations: These must be 'ordinary and necessary' expenses related to the job, as defined by the IRS.
  • Deadlines: Like other tax documents, the 2106 must be filed with your annual tax return by the April 15 deadline.

How to Read and Understand 2106 Form

Understanding the 2106 form is vital for accurate reporting. Each part of the form serves a unique purpose:

  • Breaking Down the Form: The top section deals with general information, followed by specific areas for different categories of expenses.
  • Common Terms and Figures: Terms such as "ordinary and necessary expenses," "adjusted gross income (AGI)," and others are key to correctly filling out the form.

How to Get Your 2106 Form

Obtaining the 2106 form is straightforward:

  • Procedures: You can download it directly from the IRS website or order it by mail. Electronic filing options also include the form.
  • Direct link: Download 2106 Form from IRS

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Errors can affect the approval of your claims or even trigger an IRS audit. Some common mistakes include:

  • Oversights: Not keeping thorough records or receipts of expenses.
  • Tips: Maintain organized and detailed records of all employment-related expenses throughout the tax year.

2106 Form and Tax Filing

The 2106 form intersects with your overall tax filing in significant ways:

  • Impact on Tax Filing: Properly filled, it can lower your taxable income, potentially leading to a higher refund or lower tax liability.
  • Role in Tax Returns: It's used in conjunction with Form 1040, Schedule A, for itemized deductions.

FAQ Section

  1. Who can file a 2106 form?

    • Any employee who has unreimbursed work-related expenses.
  2. Can I file a 2106 for expenses covered by a stipend or allowance?

    • No, only for expenses not reimbursed by your employer.
  3. Does commuting cost qualify for 2106 deductions?

    • Generally, no. Commuting costs are not considered deductible work-related expenses.
  4. How does the 2106 form affect self-employed individuals?

    • Self-employed individuals typically use Schedule C, not Form 2106, for their business expenses.
  5. Can I file a 2106 form electronically?

    • Yes, it can be filed as part of your e-filed tax return.


Understanding and accurately completing the 2106 form can provide significant tax advantages for employees with unreimbursed work-related expenses. This guide serves as a foundational tool to navigate the intricacies of the 2106 form, offering clarity and direction for taxpayers. For more complex situations, consulting a tax professional is highly recommended.

To further acquaint yourself with the 2106 form and ensure compliance with IRS guidelines, visit the following resources:

For related forms and additional tax filing tips, explore Forms.Tax for a comprehensive array of resources tailored to your tax filing needs.

Always refer to the IRS website or a tax professional for the most accurate and up-to-date information. provides general information and software tools for tax preparation; however, it does not offer personalized tax, legal, or professional advice. It's recommended to consult with a qualified professional for specific advice related to your financial situation.