Schedule H (Form 1040)

Household Employment Taxes

Understanding and accurately filing taxes can often feel overwhelming, especially when it involves additional forms like the Schedule H form for household employment taxes. This comprehensive guide aims to demystify the Schedule H form, ensuring you have all the information needed to navigate this process smoothly. From who needs to file to common mistakes to avoid, we've got you covered. So, let's dive into the world of Schedule H and make tax filing a simpler task.

What is a Schedule H Form?

A Schedule H form, officially known as Form 1040 Schedule H, is a crucial document used in the United States to report taxes related to household employment. When you employ someone to perform work in or around your home, you might be considered a household employer by the IRS. This form enables household employers to report employment taxes for their household employees.

Purpose and Significance

The Schedule H form serves to consolidate and report four main types of taxes:

  1. Social Security taxes
  2. Medicare taxes
  3. Federal unemployment (FUTA) taxes
  4. Federal income tax withholdings (if applicable)

Filing this form is significant as it ensures compliance with federal tax obligations, contributing to your employees' social security benefits, Medicare, unemployment funds, and accurate tax withholding.

Components of the Form

The Schedule H form is divided into several sections that help calculate each type of tax based on the wages paid to employees. It includes areas for reporting total cash wages, distinguishing between Social Security and Medicare wages, and calculating the total taxes due.

Who Needs a Schedule H Form?

You are required to file a Schedule H form if:

  • You paid a household employee cash wages of $2,400 or more in the tax year (this figure is for 2021, subject to change).
  • You withheld federal income tax for any household employee at their request.
  • You paid total cash wages of $1,000 or more in any calendar quarter to household employees.

Obligations and Deadlines

Filing this form is an annual requirement, due at the same time as your individual income tax return, typically April 15th. It's important to understand your obligations as a household employer to avoid penalties.

How to Read and Understand Schedule H Form

The Schedule H form is structured to guide you through calculating each type of household employment tax. Key terms include:

  • Cash wages: Compensation paid in the form of money, rather than benefits or goods.
  • Social Security and Medicare wages: Wages that are subject to these taxes.
  • FUTA taxes: Taxes paid to fund state unemployment benefits.

Understanding these terms and the structure of the form is crucial for accurate filing.

How to Get Your Schedule H Form

The most direct method to obtain a Schedule H form is through the IRS website:

Download Schedule H from the IRS

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Common errors include:

  • Misclassifying employees as independent contractors.
  • Failing to report all cash wages paid.
  • Incorrectly calculating taxes due.

Staying organized throughout the year and understanding the criteria for household employees can help avoid these mistakes.

Schedule H Form and Tax Filing

Filing a Schedule H form can impact your tax filing in several ways. It may affect your total tax liability or refundable amount, as the taxes calculated on Schedule H are added to your overall tax bill or deducted from your refund.

FAQ Section

1. Can I file Schedule H electronically? Yes, you can file Schedule H electronically as part of your Form 1040 if you use tax software or a tax professional.

2. Do I need an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to file Schedule H? Yes, you will need an EIN to report household employment taxes.

3. What if I made a mistake on my Schedule H form? You can correct errors by filing an amended tax return using Form 1040-X.

4. Are nanny taxes the same as household employment taxes? Yes, 'nanny taxes' is a colloquial term often used to refer to household employment taxes.

5. How do I estimate taxes for a household employee? You can use the IRS's Publication 926 and tools like tax calculators to estimate taxes.


Filing Schedule H doesn't have to be a daunting task. By understanding who needs to file, how to properly complete the form, and ensuring all wage payments are accurately reported, you can navigate this requirement confidently. Remember, seeking help from tax professionals is always a wise choice if you're uncertain about any aspects of your tax obligations.

For further information and resources on Schedule H forms and household employment taxes, visit the following links:

This guide is aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of the Schedule H tax form and its relevance to household employers. Remember, tax laws can change, so consult a professional or visit IRS resources for the latest information.

Always refer to the IRS website or a tax professional for the most accurate and up-to-date information. provides general information and software tools for tax preparation; however, it does not offer personalized tax, legal, or professional advice. It's recommended to consult with a qualified professional for specific advice related to your financial situation.